THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES RIGHTS

Human rights refers to the basic rights and freedom to which all humans are entitled simply because they are human beings, regardless of their nationality, race, ethnicity, gender, or religion.

THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES RIGHTS

African member states of the organisation for African unity (OAU, now the African union), adopted the African charter on human and people's rights (African charter), in 1981.the African charter sets out not only rights, but also duties of African people as its affects the rights of other persons and their respective countries. The African charter established the Africa Commission on human and people's rights an institution mandated to promote and protect human rights on the continent. It recognises and gives equal importance to the observance of civic and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural rights.

RIGHTS UNDER THE AFRICAN CHARTER

- Freedom from discrimination
- Equality before the law.
- Right to life and respect for integrity of persons.
- Right to respect of human dignity- Freedom from slavery, torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
- Right to liberty and security of persons.
- Right to have ones cause heard.
- Freedom of conscience and religion.
- Right to receive, express and disseminate information.
- Right to freedom of association
- Right to assemble freely in accordance with the law.
- Right to freedom of movement.
- Right to freely participate in government.
- Right to own property.
- Right to work under equitable and satisfactory conditions and equal pay for equal work.
- Right to physical and mental health.
- Right to education and to participate in cultural life.
- Right of the family to be protected by government.
- Rights of woman and children to be protected against discrimination.
- Special protection for the aged and disabled.
- Right of a people not to be dominated by another.
- Right to self determination
- Right of people to freely dispose off their wealth and natural resources.
- Right to economic, social and cultural development.
- Right to national and international peace and security.
- Right to a safe and satisfactory environment.

DUTIES UNDER THE AFRICAN CHARTER

- Duty towards ones family, the society and other legally recognised communities.
- Respect for the rights and freedom of other people.
- Respective for fellow human beings without discrimination
- Duty to preserve the harmonious development of the family.
- Service to one's nation.
- Duty not to compromise security of a country.
- Duty to preserve and strengthen national solidarity, independence and protect the territorial integrity of one's country
- Duty to work diligently and pay taxes lawfully.
- Preservation and strengthening of positive African cultural values.
- Contribution to the promotion of African unity.

THE AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES RIGHT S AND THE AFRICAN COURT ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES RIGHTS

The African charter on human and people's rights established the African Commission on human and people's rights. Its mandate is to promote and protect human rights in Africa and to interpret the African charter. The African commission is located in Banjul, the Gambia

The African court on human and peoples Rights(the court) was established by the protocol to the African charter on the establishment of an African court is a continental court established by African countries to ensure protection of human and people's rights in africa.it complements and reinforces the function of the African commission on human and people's rights .The court is located in Arusha, Tanzania.

THE NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION

The National Human Rights Commission (commission) was established by the national human rights commission act 1995, in line with the United Nations general assembly resolution 48/138 of December 1993 which enjoined member states to establish and strengthened national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedom in their countries.

The National Human Rights Commission amendment act 2010 broadens the mandate of the commission, giving it expanded powers to carry out many other functions in the promotion, protection and enforcement of human rights.

If your rights or the rights of anyone you know is about to be, has been, or is being violated, REPORT TO THE COMMISSION as soon as possible to enable it prevent the violation or carry out investigation and offer necessary assistance for redress.



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MR. LADAN GOES TO NIPSS


The Director, Human Rights Education and Promotion, Mr. Muhammad Nasir Ladan is now a student of the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS).
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Courtesy call on GOC, 3 Division, Nigerian Army, Major General Danke

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