2018 National Human Rights Commission || THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES RIGHTS


Human rights refer to the basic rights and freedoms to which all persons are entitled simply because they are human beings irrespective of their nationality, race, ethnicity, gender, or religion.

Human rights are:

-Inalienable:- They cannot be taken away under any circumstances, including during wars or emergency situations.

-Indivisible:- They cannot be separated or divided.

-Interdependent:- when one right is abused, it has negative impact on other rights. Similarly, when a certain right is realised, it contributes in the fulfilment of other rights.

Rights under chapter IV of the Nigerian Constitution.

Rights to life:- We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. There is no justification for a person to take the life of another person no matter the situation whether during war or emergency.

Right to dignity of human person:- Every person has the right to be respected and treated in the right manner.

Right to liberty:- No one shall be imprisoned without a good reason as prescribed under the law.

Right to fair hearing:- Trials shall be in public and done within a reasonable time, in accordance with the law.

Right to acquire property and to get compensation for property compulsorily acquired- Everyone has the right to own property. Compulsory acquisition of property by Government should be adequately compensated.

Right to private and family life- Every adult has the right to marry and have family. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.

Right to freedom of religion- Everyone has the right to believe in what they want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if they wish.

Right to freedom of expression- We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.

Right to peaceful assembly and association- We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don't want to.

Right to freedom of movement- Everyone has the right to move freely within and live in any part of the country.

Right to freedom from discrimination on grounds of ethnic group, place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or political opinion.

Right under chapter II of the Nigerian Constitution.

These are Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Known as Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of state policy. These rights may be enforced in Nigeria under the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Ratification and Enforcement) Act. CAP 10 LFN 1990.

Right to Employment:

-Provision of opportunity for suitable employment:
-Just and humane conditions of employment:
-Health and safety at work:
- Equal pay for equal work (non-discrimination):
- Protection from exploitation for children, young persons and the aged.

Right to education:

- Free compulsory universal primary education:
- Free secondary education:
- Free university education:
- Free adult literacy programme.

Right to housing and shelter:

- Suitable and adequate shelter:

Right to health:

- Adequate medical and health facilities for all persons.

Right to food:

- Suitable and adequate food.

Right to water:

- Provision and safeguard of water:

Development of Nigerian cultural values:

The State is to:

- Protection, preserve and promote the Nigerian cultures, which enhance human dignity that are consistent with the provisions of chapter II of the Constitution.
- Encourage development of technological and scientific studies that enhance cultural Values.


The National Human Rights Commission (commission) was established by the national human rights commission act 1995, in line with the United Nations general assembly resolution 48/138 of December 1993 which enjoined member states to establish and strengthened national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedom in their countries.

The National Human Rights Commission amendment act 2010 broadens the mandate of the commission, giving it expanded powers to carry out many other functions in the promotion, protection and enforcement of human rights.

If your rights or the rights of anyone you know is about to be, has been, or is being violated, REPORT TO THE COMMISSION as soon as possible to enable it prevent the violation or carry out investigation and offer necessary assistance for redress.


NHRC News Update (118) Paged

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Overall Goal (the Agenda):

To build a nation with a culture of respect for human rights.

1. Introduction:

One of the standards for measuring a developed society is the quantum of respect for human rights in the conduct of national affairs. Tell me how a people respect and protect the human rights of their people and others and I can tell you their level of development, it is said.


The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has commended the Community Development Service (CDS) programme of the National Youths Service Corps (NYSC) stressing that it is a veritable platform to create human rights awareness to the grassroots.

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