2018 National Human Rights Commission || Know Your Rights

Right to Health

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". A healthy body is the right of every person.

Every country in the world is now party to at least one human rights treaty that addresses health-related rights. This includes the right to health as well as other rights that relate to conditions necessary for health. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 under the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy guarantees those rights under Section 17 (3) (d) and out of the eight Millennium Development Goals, three focus on health. Goal 4 is to reduce child mortality, Goal 5 is to improve maternal health and Goal 6 is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

This programme, among other things, promotes the right to health through awareness raising, engagement with stakeholders in the health sector and advocating for policies that protect citizens right to health.

Right to Education

Education is a fundamental building block of human development. It is one of the strongest instruments for reducing poverty, improving health, gender equality, peace, and stability. Education is seen both as a human right in itself and as an indispensable means of realizing other human rights.

Articles 28 to 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) affirm all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination with a view to achieving this right progressively and on the basis of equal opportunity.

The National Human Rights Commission advocates for quality and inclusive learning with respect to enhancing the dignity of the person. The Commission works with relevant stakeholders to develop strategies that are beneficial to the poorest and most disadvantaged groups in the society, with a focus on access to basic and qualitative education especially for the girl child.


Food and shelter have been universally accepted essential human needs. This is because they are essential to the attainment of other rights. The Commission works extensively in this area with a view to redressing human right violations and promoting compliance with International standards.


Corruption is an insidious plague that has a wide range of corrosive effects on the society i.e. economic growth and development. Good governance and human rights are intrinsically interwoven in that the latter cannot be achieved without respect for the former and therefore human rights cannot be enforced and observed without good governance.

This program seeks to address corruption and good governance on two fronts; internally and externally.

NHRC News Update (108) Paged

Page 10 of 54


Anthony Okechukwu Ojukwu Esq on Wednesday, 2nd May 2018 officially assumed office as the Substantive Executive Secretary of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) following his nomination by the President and subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

NHRC Executive Secretary, Tony Ojukwu Esq at the handover of cheque to victims of Apo killing incident of 20th September 2013

Hon Attorney General of Federation and Minister of Justice, Abubakar Malami SAN and Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Justice, Dayo Akpata witness the handover of cheque by the incoming Executive Secretary, Tony Ojukwu Esq. to victims of Apo killing incident of 20th September 2013 pursuant to the orders and recommendation of NHRC panel of inquiry of 7th April, 2014.

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