2018 National Human Rights Commission || Know Your Rights

Right to Health

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". A healthy body is the right of every person.

Every country in the world is now party to at least one human rights treaty that addresses health-related rights. This includes the right to health as well as other rights that relate to conditions necessary for health. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 under the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy guarantees those rights under Section 17 (3) (d) and out of the eight Millennium Development Goals, three focus on health. Goal 4 is to reduce child mortality, Goal 5 is to improve maternal health and Goal 6 is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

This programme, among other things, promotes the right to health through awareness raising, engagement with stakeholders in the health sector and advocating for policies that protect citizens right to health.

Right to Education

Education is a fundamental building block of human development. It is one of the strongest instruments for reducing poverty, improving health, gender equality, peace, and stability. Education is seen both as a human right in itself and as an indispensable means of realizing other human rights.

Articles 28 to 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) affirm all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination with a view to achieving this right progressively and on the basis of equal opportunity.

The National Human Rights Commission advocates for quality and inclusive learning with respect to enhancing the dignity of the person. The Commission works with relevant stakeholders to develop strategies that are beneficial to the poorest and most disadvantaged groups in the society, with a focus on access to basic and qualitative education especially for the girl child.


Food and shelter have been universally accepted essential human needs. This is because they are essential to the attainment of other rights. The Commission works extensively in this area with a view to redressing human right violations and promoting compliance with International standards.


Corruption is an insidious plague that has a wide range of corrosive effects on the society i.e. economic growth and development. Good governance and human rights are intrinsically interwoven in that the latter cannot be achieved without respect for the former and therefore human rights cannot be enforced and observed without good governance.

This program seeks to address corruption and good governance on two fronts; internally and externally.

NHRC News Update (118) Paged

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The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has called on the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Police Command to take steps to decongest Police cells to avoid further violation of rights of suspects whose detention have needlessly been prolonged.


Executive Secretary National Human Rights Commission, Tony Ojukwu Esq has called on security agencies to see themselves as workers under civil authority and work to protect and not to antagonize. According to the Executive Secretary, security operatives should always have at the back of their minds that they are dealing with human beings with basic rights that cannot be taken away easily without the pronouncement of the Court of competent jurisdiction. There will be consequences he warned" if you choose to violate human rights in the course of your duties"

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