NHRC News Update (50) Paged
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The Director, Human Rights Education and Promotion, Mr. Muhammad Nasir Ladan is now a student of the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS).
Human rights refer to the basic rights and freedom s to which all humans are entitled simply because they are they are human beings, regardless of their nationality ,race, ethnicity, gender, or religion
By reason of their special safeguard and care, including appropriate legal protection it is therefore necessary to promote and protect the rights of children and ensure that their best interest is of paramount consideration at all times.WHO IS A CHILD
A child is a person below the age of 18 years.What are the rights of the child?
- Survival and development
- A name and recognition at birth.
- Privacy and family
- Parental care.
- Protection from abuse:
(exploitative labour, child marriage or child betrothal, trafficking, sexual exploitation and abuse, torture and cruel treatment , involvement in their production and distribution, protection from abduction, removal and transfer from lawful custody).
- Participating in matters affecting them
- Right to join and form associations.
- Access to information (materials that are harmful to them)
- Right to health.
- Right to education
- Right to rest leisure and play.
Special protection- vulnerable children (displaced children, refugees, children without families, children with disabilities, children in conflict with the law).
The convention on rights of the child, the African charter on the rights and welfare of the child and the child rights Acts/Law place responsibilities on:
- Respect for parents and guardians
- Respect for teachers and other persons in authority
- Respect and tolerance for one another
- Relate with other members of the society particularly those with different cultural and religious background.
- Work towards the cohesion of the family and community
- Service to the nation.
- Respect for ideals of democracy, freedom, equality, honesty and justice.
- Care and guidance
- Proper upbringing and discipline
- Provision of health care.
- Provision of social amenities (recreational facilities, portable water electricity, hospitals, and good roads).
- Provision of policy frame work that will promote and protect the rights of the child.
The National Human Rights Commission (commission) was established by the national human rights commission act 1995, in line with the United Nations general assembly resolution 48/138 of December 1993 which enjoined member states to establish and strengthened national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedom in their countries.
The National Human Rights Commission amendment act 2010 broadens the mandate of the commission, giving it expanded powers to carry out many other functions in the promotion, protection and enforcement of human rights.
If your rights or the rights of anyone you know is about to be, has been, or is being violated, REPORT TO THE COMMISSION as soon as possible to enable it prevent the violation or carry out investigation and offer necessary assistance for redress.
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