2018 National Human Rights Commission || THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR)


Human rights refer to the basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled simply because they are human beings, regardless of their personality, race ethnicity, gender or religion.


The universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted and proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly in 1948. It is the first human rights instrument in the world and lays the foundation of human rights standards for subsequent for subsequent human rights instruments.


-Article 1- All humans' beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

-Article 2- Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the declaration, without distinction of any kinds.

-Article 3- Right to life, liberty and security of person.

-Article 4- Freedom from slavery or servitude.

-Article 5- Freedom from torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

-Article 6- Right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

-Article 7- Equality before the law and discrimination.

-Article 8- Right to effective remedy for violation of fundamental rights.

-Article 9- Freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

-Article 10- Right to fair and public hearing.

-Article 11- Right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty. No one shall be charged for any offence at the time when it was committed.

-Article 12- Freedom from arbitrary interference with privacy or family life.

-Article 13- Right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. Everyone has the right to leave any country including his/her own and to return to his or country.

-Article 14- Right to seek and to enjoy in other countries, asylum from persecution.

-Article 15- Right to a nationality and not and not be deprived of it or denied the ability to change it.

-Article 16- Right of adult to marry and have a family. A man and a woman have the same in marriage and after separation.

-Article 17- Right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrary deprived of their property.

-Article 18- Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

-Article 19- Right to freedom of opinion and expression and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media, regardless of frontiers.

-Article 20- Right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

-Article 21- Right to take part in the government. Everyone has a right to vote and be voted for.

-Article 22- Right to social security and the progressive Realization of economic, social and cultural rights in accordance with the resources of each state.

-Article 23- Right to work, to a fair wage, free choice of employment and equal pay for equal work. Everyone has a right form and join a trade union.

-Article 24- Right to rest and leisure. Everyone has a right to periodic holidays with pay.

-Article 25- Right to adequate standard of living, including food, clothing, housing and healthcare.

-Article 26- Right to Education. Elementary and fundamental stages shall be free and compulsory.

-Article 27- Right to participate in cultural life and to enjoy the good things that science and learning bring.

-Article 28- Everyone is entitled to a proper order in which all rights and freedoms can be fully enjoyed.

-Article 29- In addition to our own rights, we have a responsibility to protect the rights and freedoms of others.

-Article 30- Nobody can take away our rights and freedoms from us.


The National Human Rights Commission (commission) was established by the national human rights commission act 1995, in line with the United Nations general assembly resolution 48/138 of December 1993 which enjoined member states to establish and strengthened national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedom in their countries.

The National Human Rights Commission amendment act 2010 broadens the mandate of the commission, giving it expanded powers to carry out many other functions in the promotion, protection and enforcement of human rights.

If your rights or the rights of anyone you know is about to be, has been, or is being violated, REPORT TO THE COMMISSION as soon as possible to enable it prevent the violation or carry out investigation and offer necessary assistance for redress.


NHRC News Update (112) Paged

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The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was established by NHRC Act 1995 as amended for the promotion, protection, and enforcement of human rights of all Nigerian irrespective sex, ethnic or religious belonging.

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