2018 National Human Rights Commission || Your Rights

Your Rights

These are rights naturally accruable to every person by virtue of his/her existence as a human being. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, under Chapter IV enumerates the following as fundamental human rights:-

• Right to life
• Right to dignity of human person
• Right to personal liberty
• Right to fair hearing
• Right to private and family life
• Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion
• Right to freedom of expression and the press
• Right to peaceful assembly and association
• Right to freedom of movement
• Right to freedom from discrimination on the grounds of ethnic group, place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or political opinion.
• Right to compensation for property compulsorily acquired

The above rights are classified under Chapter IV of the Constitution as Fundamental Rights. However, there are other rights under Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy provided under Chapter II of the Constitution. These include the right to:

• Free and compulsory education
• Adequate health care, gainful employment
• Shelter, food etc

The former are justiceable rights, i.e. citizens could go to court to enforce them if denied. The latter rights are however non-justiceable, i.e. these set of rights are not enforceable in the court. They are aspirations attainable if and when the State has the resources. However, the Commission believes the two sets of rights are both fundamental and complementary. This is because; the right to life, for instance, is meaningless without gainful employment or food to sustain life in the first place. The Commission has made a strong case for the upgrading of Economic, Social and Cultural rights to fundamental rights. Human Rights are interdependent, interrelated, indivisible and universal.

NHRC News Update (103) Paged

Page 2 of 52


The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) says a lot of sensitization needs to be done on the existence of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) as many Nigerians are not aware of their rights under the Act.



1. Owing to persistent complaints from members of the public on the activities of the Special Anti-robbery Squad of the Nigeria Police, in particular, several allegations of human rights violations, the Federal Government of Nigeria had requested the National Human Rights Commission to constitute a Special Investigation Panel to investigate allegations of human rights violations against the Special Anti-robbery Squad of the Nigeria Police and to make appropriate recommendations on its restructuring. The Panel which shall submit its report to the Presidency within ninety (90) days of its appointment comprises the following membership:

Previous     1   2   3   4   5   6       Next