2018 National Human Rights Commission || Your Rights

Your Rights


These are rights naturally accruable to every person by virtue of his/her existence as a human being. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, under Chapter IV enumerates the following as fundamental human rights:-

• Right to life
• Right to dignity of human person
• Right to personal liberty
• Right to fair hearing
• Right to private and family life
• Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion
• Right to freedom of expression and the press
• Right to peaceful assembly and association
• Right to freedom of movement
• Right to freedom from discrimination on the grounds of ethnic group, place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or political opinion.
• Right to compensation for property compulsorily acquired

The above rights are classified under Chapter IV of the Constitution as Fundamental Rights. However, there are other rights under Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy provided under Chapter II of the Constitution. These include the right to:

• Free and compulsory education
• Adequate health care, gainful employment
• Shelter, food etc

The former are justiceable rights, i.e. citizens could go to court to enforce them if denied. The latter rights are however non-justiceable, i.e. these set of rights are not enforceable in the court. They are aspirations attainable if and when the State has the resources. However, the Commission believes the two sets of rights are both fundamental and complementary. This is because; the right to life, for instance, is meaningless without gainful employment or food to sustain life in the first place. The Commission has made a strong case for the upgrading of Economic, Social and Cultural rights to fundamental rights. Human Rights are interdependent, interrelated, indivisible and universal.



NHRC News Update (118) Paged

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NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION

19, Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja

CALL FOR MEMORANDA


1. The National Human Rights Commission is in receipt of a report that on Friday the 26th of April 2019 armed security officers led by the Abuja Environmental Protection Board (AEPB) under the auspices of the FCT Joint Task Force raided night clubs and the streets of Abuja. They claimed that the raids were intended to arrest prostitutes. About 71 women were arrested and held in different police stations in Abuja. In these raids none or very few men were arrested. Victims of the raids made serious allegations of rape, sexual harassment; and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. This was one of many raids purportedly carried out by AEPB and the FCT Joint Task Force regularly. Similar complaints have been received by the Commission from several states of the country.
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Presidential Panel on SARS Reform led by Tony Ojukwu Esq, Executive Secretary NHRC submits Report to President Muhammad Buhari at the Presidential Villa.


Chairman Presidential Panel on SARS Reform Tony Ojukwu Esq has clarified media reports on the recommendations made by the Panel to the Federation Government.
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