2018 National Human Rights Commission || Your Rights

Your Rights


These are rights naturally accruable to every person by virtue of his/her existence as a human being. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, under Chapter IV enumerates the following as fundamental human rights:-

• Right to life
• Right to dignity of human person
• Right to personal liberty
• Right to fair hearing
• Right to private and family life
• Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion
• Right to freedom of expression and the press
• Right to peaceful assembly and association
• Right to freedom of movement
• Right to freedom from discrimination on the grounds of ethnic group, place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or political opinion.
• Right to compensation for property compulsorily acquired

The above rights are classified under Chapter IV of the Constitution as Fundamental Rights. However, there are other rights under Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy provided under Chapter II of the Constitution. These include the right to:

• Free and compulsory education
• Adequate health care, gainful employment
• Shelter, food etc

The former are justiceable rights, i.e. citizens could go to court to enforce them if denied. The latter rights are however non-justiceable, i.e. these set of rights are not enforceable in the court. They are aspirations attainable if and when the State has the resources. However, the Commission believes the two sets of rights are both fundamental and complementary. This is because; the right to life, for instance, is meaningless without gainful employment or food to sustain life in the first place. The Commission has made a strong case for the upgrading of Economic, Social and Cultural rights to fundamental rights. Human Rights are interdependent, interrelated, indivisible and universal.



NHRC News Update (118) Paged

Page 3 of 59

NHRC SEEKS DECONGESTION OF POLICE CELLS


The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has called on the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Police Command to take steps to decongest Police cells to avoid further violation of rights of suspects whose detention have needlessly been prolonged.
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SEE YOURSELF AS WORKING UNDER A CIVIL AUTHORITY - ES Charges Security Operatives


Executive Secretary National Human Rights Commission, Tony Ojukwu Esq has called on security agencies to see themselves as workers under civil authority and work to protect and not to antagonize. According to the Executive Secretary, security operatives should always have at the back of their minds that they are dealing with human beings with basic rights that cannot be taken away easily without the pronouncement of the Court of competent jurisdiction. There will be consequences he warned" if you choose to violate human rights in the course of your duties"
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