Publications

The development of Human Rights has been a continuous quest by the United Nations since its inception. The first recorded discussion on the subject of National Human Rights Institutions took place in the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1946 when the council invited member states to consider the desirability of establishing information groups or local Human Rights Committee within their respective countries to collaborate with them in furthering the work of the commission on human rights.

Indeed only a very small number of independent NHRIs had been established in any region before 1990, when the Commission on human rights decided to hold a meeting on the subject of National Human Rights Institutions. This conference which convened in Paris in 1991, prepared a set of “Principles relating to the status of National Institutions” - “Paris principles”.

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The National Human Rights Commission Act 1995 as amended, empowers the Commission to amongst others "undertake studies on all matters pertaining to human rights and assist the Federal, State and LocalGovernments where it considers it appropriate to do so in the formulation of appropriate policies on the guarantee of human rights."
In compliance with this, the Commission ear-marked the important issue of Human Rights and Maternal Mortality in Nigeria, as one of the key human rights related studies to be undertaken in its 2015 work-plan. This report highlights the findings of the pilot survey carried out in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, on women's access to Health Care Facilities in the Six Area councils. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Health Care facilities in these 6 Area Councils were selected and visited by staff of the Commission. Questionnaires were administered to staff and women undergoing antenatal and post-natal care in the health care facilities, and the outcome are shown in this report

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For the purpose of these Rules and unless the context or usage otherwise indicates a different meaning: The “Act” refers to the National Human Rights Commission Act 1995, as amended by the National Human Rights Commission (Amendment) Act of 2010. “Admissibility” means a process by which the Commission determines the eligibility of a complaint for determination on its merits and “admit” or “admitted” shall, wherever they occur be construed accordingly. “Chairman” refers to the Chair of the Governing Council of the Commission. “Commission” refers to the National Human Rights Commission of Nigeria and any reference to any act being done or performed by “the Commission” shall be construed as an act done or performed by or under the authority of the Governing Council. “Commissioner” refers to a member of the Governing Council of the National Human Rights Commission. “Complaints”, include case, dispute or petition, and extends to a communication addressed to the Commission alleging a violation of a human right or fundamental freedom or seeking redress or remedies from the Commission for such allegations of violations.

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The year 2015 was even more tasking than the year before. The North – East Nigeria insurgency by Boko Haram took on an unprecedented increase, so also did conflicts between pastoralists and farmers. The Commission therefore had to restrategize with key Stakeholders on steps to take in constructive response. The ever increasing number of IDPs had serious implications for increasing human rights abuses, therefore, necessitating urgent interventions from the government and human rights community. An outcome of the re-strategizing was NHRC/UNHCR IDP Monitoring Project. The Commission in partnership with the UN High Commission for Refugees undertook a project on Protection and Monitoring of Internally Displaced Persons camps in the North – east, North – Central and the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. The Project is on – going and will continue in the coming year.

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