The National Action Plan for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (NAP) is the response of the Government of Nigeria to the recommendations of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted at the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria in 1993. This requires that, “Each state considers the desirability of drawing up a national action plan identifying steps whereby the state would improve the protection and promotion of human rights” The Commission, in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and other governmental and non-governmental stakeholders have worked, over the years, to develop a successor NAP to replace the initial NAP which expired in 2013. The draft NAP will soon be finalised after inputs from stakeholders.

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The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP) gives a framework on how government and businesses are to protect and respect human rights, including what mechanisms are to be put in place to reduce, mitigate and redress business-related violations. This Action Plan seeks to operationalise these principles in practical, real and specific terms, exploring how government discharges the Duty to Protect in the context of business and how businesses operationalize the Duty to Respect and more importantly how to ensure Access to Remedy for individuals or communities adversely affected by business operations. It also encourages adoption of effective grievance mechanism by companies to address human rights issues.

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